Printing Processes & Finishes

Design Mine has the relevant knowledge and resources to provide high quality printing and finishing processes for all their design work.

Litho Printing
Compared to other printing methods, litho printing the best method if you are wanting consistent quality, it is also the most cost-effective for larger print volumes of high quality print. Litho printing produces sharp and clean images and type more easily than digital printing.

Digital Printing
A method of printing using digital techniques in which the data and images are printed directly from a computer onto paper. Digital printing is very popular and economical for smaller print runs. An Indigo Digital printer is the best quality digital printer, and can reproduce almost Litho print Quality. It is more expensive than traditional digital printing. It is cheaper for smaller print runs, however the quality is not the same as Litho.

CMYK Colour
Is a method to reproduce full-color photographic images, whereby 4 colors of ink are used. The four inks are printed on the paper in layers of dots that combine to create the illusion of many more colors. CMYK refers to the 4 ink colors used by the printing press.

Pantone Colour
Pantone is a standardised color matching system. Pantone are premixed colours, thus ensuring accurate colour matching. Printing can be costly when using multiple pantone colours.

There are two types of lamination: Gloss and Matt
A popular option for many printed pieces, especially those that will experience frequent handling or be exposed to dirty, greasy or damp environments.
Thermal laminating film is the ultimate way to finish printed materials for beautiful and long-lasting results.
Laminations crisply and clearly communicate a feeling of substance, a sense that “this is something of quality” Matt Lamination has a lovely smooth silky finish, gloss lamination has a glossy finish and enhances colours.

Embossing / Debossing
Debossing and embossing are two techniques used to imprint images.
Embossing, is when an image is pressed into the paper substrate so that the image raises from the surface. Debossing is the opposite of embossing; the area around the image is inverted. It is very impressive and gives a superior finish.

Spot Varnish
Spot varnishing is a special effect that puts varnish only on specific areas of a printed surface.
A spot varnish is often used to enhance the appearance of printed photographs in brochures or flyers, as the coating reflects back the light and makes colours appear richer and more vivid. A gloss coating can add impact to your print, especially in sales or promotional material, where optimum presentation of images is paramount.

Foiling is the application of pigment or metallic foil, often gold or silver to paper where a heated die is stamped onto the foil. Foil stamping can be combined with embossing to create a more striking 3D image.

Die Cutting
In the Printing industry, die cutting is a manufacturing process used to cut shapes out of paper etc. Die cutting is impressionable and a creative to make you stand out in the crowd. This process is popular with business cards, letterheads, packaging etc.